arnolds march historical society, Maine

Arnold Expedition Historical Society

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UNKNOWN DOCTOR ON EXPEDITIONI recently found a document online which was written by Thomas Jefferson in July of 1776. It is titled “Notes of Witnesses Testimony concerning the Canadian Campaign”. Apparently these are the notes Jefferson made as part of the Congressional committee looking at why the attempt to conquer Canada went wrong. No fault of Arnold despite what some historians say.One of the witnesses that the committee interview was John Coates of Philadelphia. He was in Arnold’s detachment on the march to Quebec as a doctor along with Issac Senter. These are some of Jefferson’s notes regarding Coates. Coates is one of the many members of the expedition who remain anonymous today but he has an interesting story.“Accompanied Genl Arnold up the Kennebeck. Arrived at Point Levi with about 600 effective men…Genl Montgomery always to attack in bad weather and bad weather only…Col Campbell (who succeeded on Montgomery’s death) ordered retreat…The fire from which Campbell retreated was trifling. Never heard that the men with Campbell were reluctant to go on,1057 in all marched from Cambridge [with Arnold]. Enos carried back one third. Supposes had he gone on they might havee stormed the town. When Enos quitted them it would take about as long to get to Quebeck as to get back so the same provisions would have lasted… They were 4 or 5 days going it. 1 1/2 days of that time they wete lost, there being no path and no man having ever gone that way. Lost about a dozen men on the way by sickness as he has heard.”Coates attended the Shippen Hospital in Philly before,the war to become a doctor and after returning from Canada was appointed surgeon in Col. Duboys New York Regiment in June 1776. Then was a captain in 11th Pennsylvania Regiment. Was wounded in the hand in the attack on Piscataway, NJ in May 1777 and resigned the following Sept. He married in 1779 and moved to Easton Maryland in 1780. Could not practice medicine due to his injuries. Was a member of Society of Cincinnati of Maryland. He was the first Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Masons of Maryland. Died in 1810 and was buried in the common burial ground at Easton. 18 yrs later the Masons moved him to the Easton Cemetery and erected a granite monument over his remains.He deserves to be remembered! ... See MoreSee Less
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A must see.For the latest updates on where you can find Benedict Arnold: Hero Betrayed, please visit our website and "where to see" page located here: PLEASE SHARE!!! ... See MoreSee Less
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New Info on Volunteers on the Expedition that were not assigned to a particular company. This makes them hard to trace.I recently got sent a copy of a letter by a colleague Steve Burk that was sent by Major Return J Meigs, and written in the 1830’s, listing men who were volunteers. Pretty unique! Some of them were names I did not know. The names in his letter are:Matthias Ogden: wrote a journalDavid Hopkins: unknownPeter Grubb: unknownEleazer Oswald: wrote a journalMatthew Duncan: on my listAaron Burr: future Vice President under Thomas JeffersonI previously had also found the name of Isaac Melchior who Meigs doesn’t list.This is the most comprehensive listing yet compiled thanks to the Meigs letter. The number of volunteers says a lot about the interest in the expedition of men around Boston at that time. No idea why they did not get assigned to a company. There is much we don’t know but sometimes new light gets shed on this amazing march. ... See MoreSee Less
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Once again a Visitor Post doesn't show on our Page. I'm not sure why but here's a look at a photo Allison Hepler shared with us. and Pat Holt put the finishing touches on the new tent site on Middle Carry Pond. ... See MoreSee Less
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Yes, that same Daniel Morgan.In 1780, a severe attack of rheumatism compelled Daniel Morgan to return home. On the 31st of October of the same year, Congress raised him to the rank of brigadier-general. The hero of many battles; here is his story.Daniel Morgan, born in New Jersey about 1736, was of Welsh parentage. His family having an interest in some Virginia lands, he went to that colony at seventeen years of age. When Braddock began his march against Fort Duquesne, Morgan joined the army as a teamster, and did good service at the rout of the English army at Monongahela, by bringing away the wounded. Upon returning from this disastrous campaign, he was appointed ensign in the colonial service, and soon after was sent with important despatches to a distant fort. Surprised by the Indians, his two companions were instantly killed, while he received a rifle-ball in the back of his neck; which shattered his jaw and passed through his left cheek, inflicting the only severe wound he received during his entire military career. Believing himself about to die, but determined that his scalp should not fall into the hands of his assailants, he clasped his arms around his horse's neck and spurred him forward. An Indian followed in hot pursuit; but finding Morgan's steed too swift for him, he threw his tomahawk, hoping to strike his victim. Morgan however escaped and reached the fort, but was lifted fainting from the saddle and was not restored to health for six months. In 1762, he obtained a grant of land near Winchester, Virginia, where he devoted himself to farming and stock-raising. Summoned again to military duty, he served during the Pontiac War, but from 1765 to 1775 led the life of a farmer, and acquired during this period much property.The first call to arms in the Revolutionary struggle found Morgan ready to respond; recruits flocked to his standard; and at the head of a corps of riflemen destined to render brilliant service, he marched away to Washington's camp at Cambridge. Montgomery was already in Canada, and when Arnold was sent to co-operate with him, Morgan eagerly sought for service in an enterprise so hazardous and yet so congenial. At the storming of Quebec, Morgan and his men carried the first barrier, and could they have been reinforced, would no doubt have captured the city. Being opposed by overwhelming numbers, and their rifles being rendered almost useless by the fast- falling snow, after an obstinate resistance they were forced to surrender themselves prisoners- of-war. Morgan was offered the rank of colonel in the British army, but rejected the offer with scorn. Upon being exchanged, Congress gave him the same rank in the Continental army, and placed a rifle brigade of five hundred men under his command.For three years Morgan and his men rendered such valuable service that even English writers have borne testimony to their efficiency. In 1780, a severe attack of rheumatism compelled him to return home. On the 31st of October of the same year, Congress raised him to the rank of brigadier-general; and his health being somewhat restored, he joined General Greene, who had assumed command of the Southern army. Much of the success of the American arms at the South, during this campaign, must be attributed to General Morgan, but his old malady returning, in March, 1781, he was forced to resign. When Cornwallis invaded Virginia, Morgan once more joined the army, and Lafayette assigned to him the command of the cavalry. Upon the surrender of Yorktown, he retired once more to his home, spending his time in agricultural pursuits and the improvement of his mind. In 1794, the duty of quelling the " Whiskey Insurrection " in Pennsylvania was intrusted to him, and subsequently he represented his district in Congress for two sessions. He died in Winchester on the 6th of July, 1802, and has been called, "The hero of Quebec, of Saratoga, and of the Cowpens; the bravest among the brave, and the Ney of the West."Biographical Sketches of the Generals of the Continental Army of the Revolution, by M. T. Leiter, 1889.Picture: Daniel Morgan, by Charles Willson Peale, c. 1794. © 2019-2021 Clifford Olsen/250YearsofLiberty#OTD #AmericanHistory #liberty #250America #250YearsofLiberty ... See MoreSee Less
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